Uganda has a network of ten parks that are managed by Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA). They  are considered to constitute the highest  status of protection that can be accorded to an area. The activities carried out in the  parks include  controlled  tourism,  Research,  Educational  purposes,  and  some  local  use  by  some  license-holders. Most popular national parks for safaris in Uganda include the following;

  • Queen Elizabeth National Park
  • Kidepo Valley National Park
  • Bwindi Impenetrable National Park
  • Murchison Falls National Park
  • Kibale Forest National Park
  • Semliki National Park
  • Rwenzori Mountains National Park
  • Mount Elgon National Park
  • Mgahinga Gorilla National Park
  • Lake Mburo National Park.


Forest reserves are managed by the National Forest Authority (NFA). This authority is the one that  offers licensed cutting, taking, working and removal of forest produce. Activities carried out in  forest reserves include collection of non-timber forest products by the local people, controlled tourism, Research and Educational use.


Wildlife reserves are managed Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA). The wildlife reserves act as homes for animal species and therefore the people are not allowed  to visit or carryout any activity   from there without permission or license from UWA.  Activities carried out include controlled  tourism, Research, licensed hunting, human settlement, cultivation and grazing.  Examples of some  of the wildlife reserves include;

  • KarumaWildlife Reserve
  • Bugungu Wildlife Reserve
  • Pian  Upe Wildlife Reserve
  • Katonga Wildlife Reserve
  • Kigezi Wildlife Reserve
  • Toro-semliki Reserve

The  controlled  hunting  areas  include;  Buhuka, North Karamoja, South Karamoja, Central  Karamoja[Napak], Sebei, Semliki, Lipan, East Teso,  North Teso  and  many  others.

Wildlife Sanctuaries Include;

  • Entebbe
  • Jinja
  • Kazinga
  • Malawa
  • Ngamba  Island
  • Ntoroko-Kanara,
  • Otze Forest


The ramsar convention formally the convention on wetlands of international importance especially as Waterfowl habitat is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization  of  wetlands.  Ramsar sites have got fundamental ecological functions of wetlands and their economic, cultural, scientific, and  recreational  values.  Examples of Ramsar sites include;  Sango bay,  Nabajjuzi, Murchison falls, Mabamba Bay, Lutembe Bay,  Lake Nakuru,  Lake Mburo, Lake Bisina,  Lake Opeta.

The above are the categories of protected areas in Uganda and they are all protected  and conserved by different bodies that offer license to carry out any activity from any area of the above because it is strictly and highly condemned by the government of Uganda.

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